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Zenza Bronica 6×6 focal plane

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Japanese medium-format SLR (edit)
6×9 Rittreck (6×9)
6×8 Fujifilm GX680
Japanese TLR and pseudo TLR ->
Other Japanese 6×6, 4.5×6, 3×4 and 4×4 ->

The first Zenza Bronica cameras were a series a 6×6 focal plane shutter SLRs, similar in concept to the Hasselblad 1000F.

Evolution Edit

The first model is the Zenza Bronica Z. The Zenza Bronica D is a similar camera.

The ZenzaBronica S has new incompatible finders and backs, and the Zenza Bronica C is the corresponding budget version, without the interchangeable back.

The Zenza Bronica S2, released in 1965, is the successor of the Zenza Bronica S. The new model included a number of minor changes, but the main improvement was the switch to a removable helical focusing mount. This helical mount could focus lenses with focal lengths from 40mm to 200mm; longer lenses had their own helicoids.

Because all of the camera functions are fully mechanical, no batteries are needed to operate it.

The S2 uses a vertical-travelling cloth focal plane shutter. Shutter speeds are available from 1 to 1/1000s and B. Flash sync uses X and FP on an automatic PC terminal at a 1/40s sync speed. The shutter must be cocked before each shot by cranking the film winding lever. The "Filminder" rollfilm back can use 120 or 220 film, selectable with a small dial on the film back. A peel-apart Polaroid back was also available for the S2. Film backs are removed from the camera by inserting a dark slide. As a safety feature, the shutter will not fire if the dark slide is not removed.

The standard lens for the S2 was a 75mm f/2.8 Nikkor P.

The Zenza Bronica S2A is the successor of the S2. The main difference is an improved film advance gear mechanism, reputed to result in fewer jams.

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