Smena = Смена, means SHIFT (like night shift). The name Smena was ideologic meaning - camera addressed to those, who are simply workers and willing to take snaps as hobby. Low end and cheap.
Some strange coincidences exist in Soviet Union (USSR) history. New camera „Smena“ released by GOMZ the same year 1953 the great soviet dictator J.V.Stalin has gone to his rest. We can make an assumption, that Smena name could symbolyze the significant changes in Soviet Union leadership.(Joke)
Initially a folding camera with Smena name was created in early 1939 by young Soviet designer I.Shapiro. In 1953, he created first 35mm camera with Smena name again. As an original Soviet product, Smena was a big event in Soviet photo industry.
These cameras were designed to be inexpensive and accessible to the public. It is a very simple viewfinder camera made of bakelite. It has a removable back and uses cassette to cassette film transport. All controls are on the lens/shutter barrel.
The long lasting Smena series went through at least 25 models, running until the mid-1990s.
Smenas were made bakelite and later plastic bodies and was equipped with a three element lens (Cooke triplet) with a leaf shutter. Cameras of Smena-1 to Smena-7, have no film rewind capability and two cassettes had always to be used.
Models of Smena series Edit
- Pre-war Smena GOMZ
- Smena (Smena-1) GOMZ
- Smena-2 GOMZ and MMZ
- Smena-2M GOMZ
- Smena-3 GOMZ
- Smena-4 GOMZ
- Smena-6 GOMZ LOOMP LOMO
- Smena-7 LOMO
- Smena-8 LOMO
- Cosmic-35 LOMO
- Smena-8M also see the article Smena 8M (2) LOMO
- Smena-9 LOMO
- Smena-E LOMO
- Smena-M MMZ
- Smena-Rapid LOMO
- Smena-SL also see the article Smena SL (2) LOMO
- Smena-Stereo LOMO
- Smena-Symbol also see the article Smena Symbol (2) LOMO
- Symbol-136 LOMO
- Smena-11 LOMO
- Smena-12 LOMO
- Smena-14 LOMO
- Smena-18 LOMO
- Smena-19 LOMO
- Smena-20 LOMO
- Smena-35 LOMO
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ in Fotoua and in SovietCams
- ↑ There are usefull books about cameras of former USSR and have classifications also.
- ↑ Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
- ↑ Discussion about clasifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin in USSR Photo Forum