Smena-2 is a 35mm film viewfinder camera produced between 1954-61 by GOMZ and 1957-61 by MMZ with quantity of 1.580.000 units. Smena = Смена, means Young Generation.

Main differences from Smena-1 are added synchronizer and self-timer.

These cameras were designed to be inexpensive and accessible to the public. It is a very simple viewfinder camera made of bakelite. It has a removable back and uses cassette to cassette film transport. All controls are on the lens/shutter barrel.

There are 4 types with one sub-types of the GOMZ Smena-2, and 3 types with 2 sub-types of the MMZ Smena-2. [1] [2] [3] [4]

The list of all Smena models is in the article Smena Series by GOMZ & MMZ & LOMO.


Smena-2 04

Smena-2 GOMZ type 4

Smena-2 03
Smena-2 05
Smena-2 06
  • Engraving on the right side of the camera: СДЕЛАНО В СССР ( = Sdelano v SSSR = Made in USSR)
    • Embossing on the back cover: GOMZ logo that means made by GOMZ
    • MMZ made cameras have the MMZ logo on the lens
  • Lens: GOMZ T-22 (Triplet) 40mm f/4.5 filter slip-on, serial no. none
    • Aperture: up to f/22, setting: ring and scale on front of the lens
    • Focus range: 1.3-10m +inf
  • Focusing: manual front focusing, guess the distance, ring and scale on the lens
  • Shutter: central leaf shutter, speeds: 1/10-1/200 +B; setting: ring and scale on the lens-shutter barrel
  • Shutter release: on the top-plate
  • Cocking lever: on the lens-shutter barrel
  • Frame counter: manual reset, on the top-plate, not works wo/ the film in the camera
  • Winding knob: on the top-plate
  • Viewfinder: reverse telescopic finder
  • Re-wind lever: none, two cassettes must use always
  • Flash PC socket: old type, on the lens-shutter barrel
  • Cold-shoe
  • Memory dial : on the winding knob
  • Self-timer: lever on the lens-shutter barrel
  • Back cover: removable, opens by a latch on the left side of the camera
  • Tripod socket: 3/8"
  • Strap lugs: none
  • Body: bakelite; Weight: 273g
  • Serial no. on the right side of the camera

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. Typing is as to Alexander Komarov in Fotoua
  2. There are useful books about cameras of former USSR and have classifications also.
  3. Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
  4. Discussion about classifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin in USSR Photo Forum


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