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Salyut is a medium format SLR film system camera, manufactured by Arsenal Factory, in Kiev, Ukraine, former USSR , made from 1957-1974 with quantity 50000. Its successor is the Salyut-S.


  • Format: 120 roll
  • Picture size 6x6cm
  • Lens: Industar-29 80mm f/2.8 chrome standard lens
    • Mount: Bayonet (Hasselblad 1600 type)
    • Aperture: f/2.8-f/2
    • Focus range: 0.9-20m +inf
  • Shutter: Horizontal focal plane metallic curtain
  • Speeds
    • 1/2 - 1/1500 +B (early types)
    • 1/2 - 1/1000 +B (late types)


There are 4 types and 2 sub-types [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

Type 1Edit

Type 1aEdit

  • 1957-59
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • With Self-timer
  • Activates by shutter setting knob

Type 1bEdit

  • 1959-63
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Added a special knob for actuating of the selftimer

Type 2Edit

  • 1958-65
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Without Self-timer

Type 3Edit

Type 3aEdit

  • 1965-74
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1000 +B
  • Black speed dial

Type 3bEdit

  • Distinctive feature of type with label "Made in USSR"

Type 4Edit

  • No camera name on the body
  • Export type
  • With label "Made in USSR"

Export types with a different nameEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. According to Alaxander Komarov in Fotoua. You can also find serial numbers for dating of the cameras in this site
  2. There is another former USSR cameras classification and info by Aidas Pikiotas in SovietCams
  3. There are usefull books about cameras of former USSR and have classifications also.
  4. Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
  5. Discussion about clasifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin in USSR Photo Forum

Bibliography Edit

In English

  • Princelle, Jean Loup - Made In USSR - The Authentic Guide To Russian And Soviet Cameras, Le Reve Edition, 2004 (ISBN 2952252106 (ISBN13: 9782952252102) Paperback

In Russian


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