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Robin subminiature

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Japanese subminiature
on paper-backed roll film and round film (edit)
17.5mm film Baby Flex | Baby-Max | Barlux | Beauty 14 | Bell 14 | Blondy | Baby Colon | Comex | Corona | Croma Color 16 | Epochs | Fuji Kozet | Gamma | Gem 16 | Gemflex | Glico Lighter | Halmat | Hit | Hit-II | Hit-type | Hobby 16 | Homer No.1 | Homer 16 | Honey | Hope | Jenic | Kiku 16 | Kolt | Kute | Lovely | Mascot | Meteor | Micky | Midget | Mighty | Mini | Moment | Mycro | Myracle | Nikkobaby | Peace | Peace Baby Flex | Peace Small Lef | Pet | Petit | Petty | Prince 16-A | Prince Ruby | Robin | New Rocket | Rubina | Rubix | Saga 16 | Saica | Septon Pen | Sholy-Flex | Snappy | Spy-14 | Sun | Sun B | Sun 16 | Sweet 16 | Tacker | Takka | Tone | Top Camera | Toyoca 16 | Toyoca Ace | Tsubame | Vesta | Vista | Vestkam
20mm film Guzzi | Mycroflex | Top
round film Evarax | Petal | Sakura Petal | Star
unknown Hallow | Lyravit | Tsubasa
cine film see Japanese cine film subminiature
110 film see Japanese 110 film

The Robin is a Japanese subminiature taking ten 14×14mm pictures on 17.5mm paper backed rollfilm, made in the late 1940s or early 1950s. It is known from a single example pictured in Sugiyama.[1]

Description Edit

The Robin has a horizontal design, reminding more evolved cameras using 16mm film. It has a bright metal finish all around. There is a large front door swinging upwards, covering the whole front plate.[2] The camera is identified by the name ROBIN and the initials M.K.S engraved on that front door.

The viewfinder is integrated in the main body, at the far left (as seen by the photographer). The example pictured in Sugiyama has number 3015 engraved on the finder's front frame, perhaps a serial number. (The engraving might consist of two distinct numbers: 30 and 15, but this would make little sense.) The film is advanced by a knob at the top right. It seems that the rear half of the camera is removable for film loading and locked by sliding buttons on either side, but this is unconfirmed. There is a part attached to the top, perhaps a sliding bar for some unknown use. The release button is at the right end of the body.

The lens has a fixed focus and aperture, and has no marking.[3] The shutter certainly offers 50, 75, 100 settings. Corresponding engravings are visible on the front plate, to the right of the lens, but the setting lever appears to be missing on the only known example.

Origin Edit

The Robin has some similarity to the Lovely (but it is not identical). The two cameras might be related in some way.

The meaning of the initials M.K.S is unclear. An MKS logo and MKS shutters are found on the Mizuho Six 6×6 folder; in that context, the initials certainly correspond to the maker's name Mizuho Kōki Seisakusho. The brand name "Robin" was used again for a name variant of the Neoca, made by the successor of Mizuho. This might be a mere coincidence, or a hint that the Robin subminiature was made by Mizuho too. The "Robin" brand was also used by a different company on the Robin 35, an evolution of the Cooky 35.

Notes Edit

  1. Sugiyama, item 5123.
  2. This page at mentions a front door similar to that of the Gami 16, but this results from a confusion with the Lovely, another Japanese subminiature.
  3. Fixed aperture: Sugiyama, item 5123.

Bibliography Edit

  • Pritchard, Michael and St. Denny, Douglas. Spy Cameras — A century of detective and subminiature cameras. London: Classic Collection Publications, 1993. ISBN 1-874485-00-3. P.81 (text only).
  • Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5. Item 5123.

The Robin is not listed in Kokusan kamera no rekishi.

Links Edit

In English:

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