Photography is ...
- ... an achievement of thousands of scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, craftsmen and photographers who developed and produced photo chemicals, cameras, camera accessories, sorts of optical glass, lenses, film foils, films and cartridges, camera electronics, image manipulation tools, etc. .
- ... what millions of camera owners did and do with their cameras.
- ... what professional photographers, especially the masters of their trade conjure with film and camera.
- ... an acknowledged form of producing pieces of art.
- ... a science.
The term photography is combined of photo for light and graph for drawing. Maybe landscape painters of the 18th century already created it for their drawing with the camera obscura, but in photography literature the authors claim that it was created in the early days of photochemical photography around 1840 by one of the inventors, maybe William Henry Fox Talbot or Antoine Hércule Romuald Florence.
From the viewpoint of a more technical encyclopedia concerned with cameras the reader may distinguish several main branches of photography, everyone of them featuring its special camera types or accessories:
|popular photography||compact and easy-to-use cameras, nowadays many with zoom lenses|
|press photography||shutter priority mode, fast tele lenses|
|landscape photography||wide angle lenses, panorama cameras|
|aerial photography||large lenses|
|architecture photography||tilt- and shiftable view cameras|
|macro photography||macro lenses and/or lens tube extensions|
|repro photography||large cameras, extra sharp lenses|
|roentgen photography||x-ray sources|
|infrared photography||special films or sensors|
|medical photography||adapters for endoscopes and microscopes|
|astronomical photography||mirror lenses, telescope adapters, tracking facilities|
|microfilm archiving||microfilm cameras|