ORWO is a film brand. It is the abbreviation for "Original Wolfen" because it was made in the Filmfabrik Wolfen, once a plant of Agfa in the East-German town Wolfen. After the war it was in the hands of the U.S.-American troops. Some assets, documents and film recipes were transferred to America. Wolfen belonged the the Soviet sector of occupied Germany so that the Americans withdrew troops and Wolfen became part of former socialist East Germany. Orwo became the film brand of the factory. In 1994, four years after German reunification, Heinrich Mandermann tried to form Orwo AG but failed in 1998. Since then a small new company named Filmotec took over the right to make Orwo films, some made after original recipes.