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Orient folder

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The Orient folder is a Japanese folding camera using 127 film, made by an unknown company.

Description Edit

The Orient is a folding camera that is not self-erecting: the lens standard has to be manually pulled out of the body and slides on two rails. There is a folding frame finder in the middle of the top plate — as seen by the photographer holding the camera horizontally — and an advance knob at the bottom right. The standing leg is marked ORIENT or Orient.[1] The name Orient is sometimes embossed in the leather covering at the front of the camera.[2]

The picture format is said to be 4×4.4cm.[3] This is probably the exact measurement and the camera was probably advertised for a larger nominal size, for example 4×4.5cm or 4×5cm.

The back is hinged to the left and the back latch is covered by a handle. The back contains two red windows, marked A and B, and a table that describes how to obtain 11 exposures with the paperback numbers.

On all the cameras seen so far, the shutter gives B and 1/25 settings, the lens is a fixed-focus New Best 80mm f/8, and the aperture scale is at the bottom right (as seen from the front).

The Below camera 'New Type"
Z99 New Type No-Need-Darkroom Yen-Kame August 20, 2014 001

New Type No-Need-Darkroom type of Folding camera in 4x6cm sized negative. Not a roll film camera! Unknown maker, believed late 1920's? Don@Eastwestphoto

Z99 New Type No-Need-Darkroom Yen-Kame August 20, 2014 003

Front close up of the New Type Folder, Need-No-Darkroom Camera. Don@Eastwestphoto

MAY be a early Orient model  "No-Need-Darkroom", Type camera; as it  does have a plate type FILM Sheath insert in its back for removing & inserting , for a single shot 4x6cm sized negative. See "N0-Need-Darkroom" also on this site! These are also referred to as "Yen-Kame" type cameras on this site also. The build quality and designing is very similar between Orient folders and this Unknown Folder that is obviously earlier in build. I would guessimate a 1929 build folder design by Orient or it's Predecessor making this a possible Unknown model of Orient?

Variations Edit

Pictures of three examples have been observed so far. Two of them have a shutter plate marked Orient at the top, JAPAN. O.K.S. at the bottom left, 80MM 1:8 under the lens , and NEW BEST and ANASTIGMAT on the sides. One of these has a K logo on the side,[4] and the other perhaps has a different logo.[5] The third camera has a different shutter plate marked KUJAKU at the top.[6]

Notes Edit

  1. ORIENT: examples pictured in Sugiyama, items 1218–9. Orient: example pictured in this page of the AJCC.
  2. Example pictured in this page of the AJCC.
  3. Sugiyama, items 1218–9, repeated in McKeown, p.450.
  4. Example pictured in this page of the AJCC.
  5. Example pictured in Sugiyama, item 1218.
  6. Example pictured in Sugiyama, item 1219.

Bibliography Edit

The Orient folder is not listed in Kokusan kamera no rekishi.

Links Edit

In Japanese:

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