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Neoca 35 (folder)

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Japanese 35mm folding cameras (edit)
24×36 Arco 35 | Arco 35 Automat | Chest 35 | Fujica 35 | Makinette 35P | Neoca 35 | Pigeon 35 V | Auto Terra | Toyoca B35
30×36 Konilette
Folding 6×6, 4.5×6, 3×4 and 4×4, 4×5 and 4×6.5 ->

The original Neoca 35 (ネオカ35) is a Japanese 35mm folding camera, made as a prototype by Mizuho Kamera Kōgyō (predecessor of Neoca) in 1954.

Description Edit

The Neoca 35 is a horizontal folder. The rangefinder and viewfinder are combined in a single eyepiece, certainly offset to the left as seen by the photographer. The rectangular viewfinder window and the round rangefinder window are contained in a casing placed atop the lens standard; they are retracted inside the body when the camera is closed, together with the lens and shutter unit. The folding bed completely covers the front windows, and it is opened by a button at the top of the front door itself.

The film is advanced by a knob at the right end of the top plate. Next to it is the shutter release, interlocked with the film advance for double exposure prevention.[1] There is an accessory shoe in the middle, and the rewind knob is at the left end.

The focusing helical is placed behind the lens and shutter unit and is driven by a focusing tab; it seems that it is directly coupled to the rangefinder mechanism placed above. The shutter has a PC synch socket and reportedly gives B, 1–500 speeds.[2] It seems that it is cocked manually by a lever at the top of the shutter casing. The lens is reported as a Neokor 50/2.8; the word MIZUHO is legible on the lens rim on the only observed picture.[3]

Brief apparition Edit

The Neoca 35 was featured in Japanese magazines dated June and July 1954, where it was announced as planned for release in Autumn.[4] All trace is lost after that date, and the Mizuho company released the rigid Neoca 35 IS instead in mid-1955.

Notes Edit

  1. Double exposure prevention: Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.358.
  2. Shutter speeds: Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.358.
  3. Picture in Noma, p.94.
  4. Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.358.

Bibliography Edit

  • Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7. Item 668.
  • Noma Toshio (野間俊夫). Kyorikei-tsuki kamera no henpo (距離計付きカメラの変遷, Evolution of rangefinder cameras). Gendai Kamera Shinsho (現代カメラ新書) 65. Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979. No ISBN number. Pp.94–5.

The Neoca 35 folder is not listed in Sugiyama.

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