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Marusan is a Japanese toy maker, which is still active today.
Marusan's roots can be traced back to the company Ichida Seisakusho (石田製作所), a toy manufacturer founded in 1923 by Ichida Naokichi (石田直吉). In 1947, Marusan Shōten (マルサン商店) was founded by Ichida Haruyasu (石田晴康), Ichida Minoru (石田實) and Arai Yasuo (荒井康夫), two sons and a relative of Ichida Naokichi. The company's name is made of the words maru (meaning "circle") and san (meaning "three", because of the three founders), and the logo is SAN written inside a circle.
The company was incorporated as K.K. Marusan Shōten (㈱マルサン商店) in 1950, and began to manufacture its own toys, many of which were exported to the United States. At around that time, it distributed the Youngflex pseudo TLR camera taking Bolta film.
The company's name was changed to K.K. Maruzan (㈱マルザン) in 1967, then the company went bankrupt in 1968. In 1969, the business was revived as K.K. Marusan (㈱マルサン) by Ichida Minoru, and it still exists under that name today (2008).
- Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5.