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J. Lancaster & Son was a renowned optician and camera maker based in Birmingham. It made wooden view cameras, among them several cameras for smaller plate formats. The 1/4-plate Lancaster Instantograph was perhaps one of the better known, easily identified by the top side nameplate including model year. A very special model was the Gem Apparatus of 1880, a camera with twelve lenses to shoot the same subject twelve times at once. Lancaster made its own lenses and had own shutter patents. Other products were magic lanterns. And when Lancaster made metal cameras it had to be very special ones like the telescopic Patent Watch Camera in pocket watch format.
|a Lancaster view camera|
- 1880: Gem Apparatus /  at www.eastman.org
- 1882: Instantograph /  at www.waterfordcountymuseum.org
- 1882: Le "Meritoire" /  at www.photographica.nu
- 1882: Le "Merveilleux" /  at www.photographica.nu , and  at www.antiquewoodcameras.com
- 1886: Watch camera /  at www.eastman.org
- 1890: Stereo Merveilleux /  at www.photographica.nu
- 1891: Stereo Instantograph /  at www.antiquewoodcameras.com
- ....: Stereo Meritoire
- 1892: Rover magazine camera /  at www.photographica.nu
- 1900: The Kamret /  at www.photographica.nu
- J. Lancaster & Sons List of Cameras at Historic Camera
History of J. Lancaster & Sons Co. at Historic Camera
- Lancaster's patent shutter /  at www.photographica.nu
- Lancaster's patented bean shutter / see above (Link to Le "Merveilleux" at www.photographica.nu)