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The Konica C35 EF is a compact camera. It had the nickname "Pikkari" in Japan. Introduced in 1975, the Pikkari was the first 35mm compact camera with a built-in flash. The C in the name stands for "compact", the 35 for [35mm]] film, and the EF for "electronic flash". Focusing is enabled by selecting preset distances on the rotating lens barrel, using the zone focus method. It was superseded by the fixed focus Konica C35 EFP and autofocus Konica C35 AF. It's lens is a Hexanon 38mm f/2.8, known for being tack sharp.
Famously, Andy Warhol used this camera for taking snapshots at exhibition openings, glitzy premieres, wild nights at Studio 54 and after parties at The Factory. “I love the new, small, automatic 35mm cameras like Minox and Konica,” Warhol said. Apparently he loved Konica so much, that he owned three.
This camera comes in two variants, one from its release date in 1975 and a second model or "generation" from 1977 onwards. The only differences between models is that the newer model incorporates a self timer and a new speed of 1/250th of a second, added to the 1/60 and 1/125 from the older model. The main differences in the bodies is that the newer comes with a self timer lever on the left side of the lens, an orange plastic flash release knob (the old one came with a black plastic one) and the focusing symbols on the lens focusing barell are framed, otherwise they are similar.
One trick that can be done with it is that the auto-exposure can be locked by half pressing the shutter release; this can come in handy at photos with difficult lighting or ones that are too contrasty, as one simply can point at a scene with moderate or good lighting, half press to lock the exposure and re-compose.
- Lens: Konica Hexanon 38mm, f/2.8
- Filter thread size: 46mm
- Auto-exposure via CdS metering cell. Exposure setting is locked with half-press of shutter release button.
- Shutter speeds: 1/60, 1/125 (1/250 added in the 1977 model)
- Focus range: 1m to infinity, with display of zone shown in viewfinder and in focusing barrell aswell as a feet/meter scale on the barrell too.
- Integrated auto-flash, with automatic adjustment of aperture according to ambient light and focus distance. (Guide number: 14m at ISO 100. Recharge time: 5-7s).
- Manual loading, advancing and rewinding of film.
- Film Speed Range: ASA/ISO 25-400, set manually by turning disc around lens.
- Power: Light meter requires a 1.3V PX675 mercury battery. A 1.5V button cell should work almost as well. Flash requires two AA alkaline batteries, NiMh rechargable batteries are not advised as they tend to burn and break flash electronics.
- Self timer in 1977 models onwards