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Canon

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Canon, headquartered in Tokyo, is a Japanese company that specializes in imaging and optical products, including cameras, photocopiers and computer printers. Its current name is Canon Inc.(キヤノン株式会社).


HistoryEdit

The company was founded in 1933 with the name Seiki Kōgaku Kenkyūjo (精機光学研究所, or Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory) by the co-founder Yoshit Gorō (吉田五郎)[1] from Hiroshima and his brother-in-law Uchida Saburō (内田三郎)[1], funded by Mitarai Takeshi (御手洗毅)[1], a close friend of Uchida. Its original purpose was to research into the development of quality cameras. Therefore Yoshida Gorō disassembled an original Leica II and studied it mindfully. In June 1934 they released their first camera, the Kwanon (pronounced kannon), named after the Buddhist bodhisattva of mercy of the same name (観音, カンオン; in Chinese Guān Yīn). Later it became the "Hansa Canon", the company's first commercial camera. The following year the camera's name was changed to the less overtly religious Canon (キャノン, pronounced kyanon). The company changed its name to Canon Camera in 1947, and to Canon in 1969.

The company's earliest cameras derived much from the design of the Leica threadmount rangefinder cameras; concerns about patents, as well as ignorance of the precise specification of the Leica thread mount, kept these earliest Canon cameras distinctive. Copies only came after the war, but Seiki Kōgaku swiftly equipped postwar Canon bodies with a combined viewfinder / rangefinder with three-way switchable magnification (50mm, 100mm, and rangefinder only). Other innovations followed.

Seiki Kōgaku at first did not have its own optical factory, so it used lenses made by Nikon, but it soon started to make its own lenses under the Serenar brand (later renamed Canon). These lenses remain popular even now by users of rangefinder cameras from Canon, Leitz, and so forth. The Serenar 50mm f1.8 of 1951 was an early highlight of that brand.

In 1959 The company introduced the Canonflex SLR system. Next big steps in the SLR field were the Canon F-1 of 1971, the Canon EF with automatic exposure based on the shutter priority principle, and the first computerized SLR Canon AE-1 of 1976. In 1986 Canon was the second after Sony introducing a completely electronic still camera without film, the Canon RC-701, which was based on video technology and also the first of these cameras with interchangeable lenses.

In 1996 Canon became the benchmark for the new but not very successful film market standard APS by introducing its high quality Canon IXUS camera series. In 2000 it launched its first amateur DSLR Canon EOS D30. Canon's APS SLRs as well as its DSLRs continued to have the Canon EF-mount so that older Canon autofocus lenses are applicable with the newer cameras. Canon started to make its own CMOS image sensors.

Digital Edit

DSLR Edit


SV mountEdit

Fixed Lens Edit

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  • Canon PowerShot Pro S1
  • Canon PowerShot Pro1
  • Canon PowerShot Pro70
  • Canon PowerShot Pro90 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S1 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S10
  • Canon PowerShot S10 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S100
  • Canon PowerShot S110
  • Canon PowerShot S2 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S20
  • Canon PowerShot S20 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S200
  • Canon PowerShot S230
  • Canon PowerShot S3 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S30
  • Canon PowerShot S300
  • Canon Powershot S330
  • Canon PowerShot S40
  • Canon PowerShot S400
  • Canon PowerShot S410
  • Canon PowerShot S45
  • Canon PowerShot S5 IS
  • Canon PowerShot S50
  • Canon PowerShot S60
  • Canon PowerShot S70
  • Canon PowerShot S80
  • Canon PowerShot S90
  • Canon PowerShot SD10
  • Canon PowerShot SD100
  • Canon Powershot SD1000
  • Canon PowerShot SD1000 Digital ELPH/Digital IXUS
  • Canon PowerShot SD110
  • Canon PowerShot SD20
  • Canon PowerShot SD200
  • Canon PowerShot SD30
  • Canon PowerShot SD300
  • Canon PowerShot SD400
  • Canon PowerShot SD430 Wireless
  • Canon PowerShot SD450
  • Canon PowerShot SD500
  • Canon PowerShot SD550
  • Canon PowerShot SD630 Digital ELPH/Digital IXUS
  • Canon Powershot SD750 IS
  • Canon Powershot SD850
  • Canon PowerShot SX100 IS
  • Canon PowerShot SX110 IS
  • Canon Powershot SX120 IS
  • Canon Powershot SX130 IS
  • Canon Powershot TX1
  • Canon RC-250 (Q-PIC)
  • Canon RC-251
  • Canon RC-260
  • Canon RC-360
  • Canon RC-450
  • Canon RC-570


35mm Film SLR Cameras Edit

Fixed lens Edit

R Mount (1959-1963) Edit

FL Mount (1964-1969) Edit


FD Mount (1970-1990) Edit




EF Mount (Auto Focus) Edit

Canon's EF mount is the widest throat lens mount for modern 35mm-format SLR cameras (film or digital). The distance from flange to film is also quite small, which makes it one of the most adaptable: though AF functions do not work, many users have adapted their EOS bodies to use lenses from Nikon, Contax, Leica, Pentax, and others.


EF mount (Manual Focus) Edit

Lenses for other mountsEdit

See Exakta lenses for a couple of 1955 lenses for the Exakta (or Topcon).

35mm rangefinder Edit

Interchangeable lens Edit


And also screwmount lenses for the above (or other bodies with an appropriate lensmount). Canon also made the 25/3.5 in Contax (or Nikon S) mount.

Fixed lens Edit


35mm compact Edit


35mm half frame Edit

APS film Edit

SLR Edit


Compact Edit

Regular 8mm FilmEdit

  • Cine 8-T
  • Cine Canonet 8
  • Cine Zoom 512
  • Motor Zoom 8 EEE
  • Reflex Zoom 8
  • Reflex Zoom 8-2
  • Reflex Zoom 8-3

Super 8mm FilmEdit


  • AF 514 XL-S
  • AF 310 XL
  • AF 310 XL-S
  • Auto Zoom 318 M
  • Auto Zoom 512 Xl Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 518 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 518 SVc1
  • Auto Zoom 814 Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 814 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 1014 Electronic
  • Auto Zoom 1218 Super 8
  • Auto Zoom 2018 Electronic (prototype)
  • Zoom 250 Super 8
  • Zoom 318 Super 8
  • Zoom 518 Super 8
  • Zoom DS-8 (double super 8mm camera)
  • 310 XL
  • 312 XL-S
  • 514 XL
  • 514 XL-S
  • 814 XL Electronic
  • 814 XL-S
  • 1014 XL-S

Single 8mm FilmEdit

  • Single 8 518
  • Single 8 518 SV

16mm FilmEdit

  • Scoopic 16
  • Sound Scoopic 100
  • Sound Scoopic 200
  • Sound Scoopic 200S (200SE is the same but has viewfinder markings for TV)
  • Sound Scoopic 200S10
  • Sound Scoopic 16M
  • Sound Scoopic 16MN
  • Sound Scoopic 16MS
  • Systema Sound 16

110 film Edit


126 film Edit

  • Canomatic C30
  • Canomatic M70

120 film Edit

The Seica (4.5×6) coupled-rangefinder folding camera has a SEIKI-KOGAKU engraving and it was perhaps a prototype made by Canon's predecessor.

References Edit

  1. The name is given in the Japanese order, with family name followed by the given name.

Links Edit

In English:

In French:

In Spanish:

  • Manual Camera Utilizando las Canon FD y otras cámaras clásicas
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