Box camerasare a class ofcamera types, introduced in the 19th century and extremely popular throughout the first half of the 20th Century Box Camera Types
|sliding box camera for daguerreotype and talbotype photography|
makers: most are unknown, the first one was Alphonse Giroux
|box camera for single plates|
makers: Zar, Yale, Ernemann
|box camera for multiple plates or magazine camera|
makers: Dr. Krügener, Adams & Westlake, Houghtons, Suter, Gaumont, Rokuoh-sha and others
|box camera for roll film, the most successful box camera conception|
makers: Emil Wünsche, H.J. Redding, Alfred Kemper, Kodak, Konishiroku, Conley, Houghton-Butcher, Agfa, Lumière and others
|box camera for roll film with built-in flash, early predecessor of the modern compact camera|
makers: Kodak, Spartus, Philips and others
|pseudo TLR for roll film|
makers: Voigtländer, Alsaphot, Haking, Kodak, Ginrei and others
Box shaped cameras with more sophisticated camera technology contents like the early instant camera Appareil Dubroni No 1 or old semi folding SLR cameras or real TLR cameras are not classified as box cameras. So the class of the box cameras is one of simpler camera construction.
One remarkable maker must be mentioned here: Charles Louis Chevalier, who was the first successful maker of collapsible box cameras, a camera type between box and folder, later improved by other makers.