Banno is a Japanese personal name written 伴野; another possible reading of the same characters is "Tomono". All the following company names are written in kanji characters in the original sources, and any of them might actually read "Tomono" instead of "Banno". It is not known if there is a relationship between the four companies listed below in chronological order of apparition.
Banno Shōten Edit
Banno Shōten (伴野商店) was a sales company which advertised Goerz cameras in 1922.
|Advertisement by Banno Shōten in Ars Camera April 1922. (Image rights)|
Banno Bunzaburō Shōten Edit
Banno Bunzaburō Shōten (伴野文三郎商店) was a sales company in the early 1930s, which sold the Pathé Baby movie camera.
|Advertisement by Banno Bunzaburō Shōten in Asahi Camera June 1932. (Image rights)|
Banno Bōeki Edit
Banno Bōeki K.K. (伴野貿易株式会社) was a Japanese trading company, with addresses in Tokyo (Ginza), Osaka, Dalian and Shenyang (the latter two in China). Its name is translated as "Banno Trading Co." in Sugiyama.
The company was certainly the owner of the "Alma" brand; in the late 1930s and early 1940s, it distributed Alma still cameras, movie cameras and movie projectors. It also distributed various other cameras in the same period.
- Alma Baby Ref, c.1942–3
- Alma Four (made by Miyoshi Kōgaku), c.1939–43
- Auto Semi First (made by Kuribayashi), c.1943–4
- First Reflex (made by Kuribayashi), c.1943–4
- Peacock II (made by Tōyō Kōki), c.1939
- Alma movie camera (9.5mm), c.1939–40
- Alma and Alma B movie projectors (9.5mm and 16mm), c.1936–41
- Banzaikin, c.1944
- projection screens
|December 1936||January 1939||April and May 1940|
|Advertisements by Banno Bōeki in Asahi Camera. (Image rights)|
Banno Toyoji Shōten Edit
Banno Toyoji Shōten (伴野豊治商店) was a camera shop in the early 1940s. Its name appears in the official price list dated November 1941 about the Semi Elka camera. The company perhaps also made or sold the Elka shutter, and the TB logo found on some of these might correspond to Toyoji Banno. The company was advertising the Fuji Kōgaku Lyra cameras in February 1944. The address at the time was Nihonbashi-ku Dōri 2–2 in Tokyo (東京都日本橋区通二ノ二).
- ↑ Its address in Tokyo from 1939 to 1944 was Tōkyō-shi Kyōbashi-ku Ginza 6–4 (東京市京橋区銀座六ノ四). Source: advertisements reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, pp.58–9, 84 and 88, and column in Asahi Camera January 1939, p.190.
- ↑ Sugiyama, items 3002 and 4018.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Advertisements in Shashin Bunka October 1943 and Shashin Kagaku May 1944, reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.88.
- ↑ Advertisement reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.84.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Advertisement in Asahi Camera January 1939, p.A19.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Advertisements in Asahi Camera April 1940, p.A13, and May 1940, p.A13.
- ↑ Advertisement in Asahi Camera December 1936, p.A59.
- ↑ Alma 9.5mm movie projectors are briefly mentioned in the advertisement in Asahi Camera April 1941, before p.465.
- ↑ Advertisement on p.11 of Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin, February 15, 1944, reproduced on p.75 of Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku.
- ↑ Advertisement in Asahi Camera April 1941, before p.465.
- ↑ "Kokusan shashinki no kōtei kakaku", type 3, sections 3A and 4A.
- ↑ Advertisement on the back cover of Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin, February 15, 1944, reproduced on p.78 of Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku.
Original documents Edit
- Ars Camera. Advertisements by Banno Shōten in February and April 1922, no page number.
- Asahi Camera. Advertisement by Banno Bunzaburō Shōten in June 1932, p.A33.
- Asahi Camera. Advertisements by Banno Bōeki:
- December 1936, p.A59;
- January 1939, p.A19;
- April 1940, p.A13;
- May 1940, p.A13;
- April 1941, before p.465.
- Asahi Camera. "Atarashii kikai to zairyō" (新しい機械と材料, New equipment and materials), January 1939, pp.189–91. (Briefly mentions Banno Bōeki as the distributor of a flexible pod.)
- "Kamera no kōtei kakaku kanpō happyō" (カメラの公定価格官報発表, Official announcement of the set prices of the cameras), November 1941. Extract of a table listing Japanese camera production and setting the retail prices, reproduced in "Bebī Semi Fāsuto 'Kore ha bebī wo nanotta semi-ki da'" (ベビーセミファースト"これはベビーを名乗ったセミ機だ", Baby Semi First, 'this is a Semi camera called Baby'), an article by Furukawa Yasuo (古川保男) in Camera Collectors' News no. 277 (July 2000). Nishinomiya: Camera Collectors News-sha. P. 27. Type 3, sections 6A and 7A.
- Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin (日本写真興業通信). Hyaku-gō goto jūkai no kiroku (百号ごと十回の記録, Ten records, every hundred issues). Tokyo: Nihon Shashin Kōgyō Tsūshin Sha (日本写真興業通信社), 1967. No ISBN number. Advertisement by Banno Bōeki on p.75, corresponding to p.11 of the February 15, 1944 issue, and advertisement by Banno Toyoji Shōten on p.78, corresponding to the back cover of the same issue.
Recent sources Edit
- Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7.
- Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5.