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Baby (no-need-darkroom)

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Japanese no-need-darkroom cameras (edit)
box Baby Camera | Camerette | Chitose | Congo Camera | Hit-Go | It | Kamerette | Katei | Maruso Camera | Mikasa-Go | Speed-Go | Super Camera | Tougo
folding Baby Camera | Best Camera | Hero-Go | Highking Camera | Katei | Lead-Go | Maruso Camera | Meiko | Midori | Nice-Go |New Type- Unknown maker| Special Camera | Yuuhi-Go
viewfinder Meikai | Meisupi | Meisupi
SLR Auto Reflex | Baby Reflex | Chitose | Speed-Go Reflex
TLR Light-Go | B Light-Go | Maruso Camera | Meikai | Meisupi
unknown Alps | Lion | Tōkō
Plate cameras: monocular, box, folding bed, strut-folding and SLR ->
3×4 and 4×4, 4×5 and 4×6.5, 4.5×6, 6×6, 6×9 ->

The Baby or Baby Kamera (ベビーカメラ)[1] is a Japanese box camera using the no-need-darkroom process, made and distributed by Baby Kamera Kenkyūjo, and advertised by Sanesudō in 1931.

Original documents Edit

The Baby was reportedly advertised from July 1931 by Sanesudō, in at least three versions priced at ¥0.50, ¥1 and ¥2.[2] It is said that the first advertisement appeared that month in Asahi Camera.[3] The only original document observed so far is the camera's user manual, printed by Baby Kamera Kenkyūjo, mentioned as the maker and distributor (製造発売元).[4] It contains no picture or detailed drawing, but a schema explaining the no-need-darkroom process, showing a simple box-shaped camera with no viewfinder and with a simple release lever protruding from a round shutter casing.

The document says that all subjects are in focus from 3ft to infinity, and gives an exposure table with speeds ranging from 1/10 to 3s, to be obtained by hand on a simple shutter offering Bulb exposure only. It gives a detailed description of the process of taking a picture, developing the film, making a contact print and developing it.

The camera was sold as a set, and the user manual lists the contents of the box:

  • the camera,
  • a set of film,
  • a set of printing paper for artificial light,
  • a bottle of developer fluid,
  • a bottle of fixer,
  • a frame for contact prints
  • the user manual itself.

The document finally gives a price list for accessories:

  • a dozen film, ¥0.50;
  • bottle of developer, ¥0.30;
  • bottle of fixer, ¥20;
  • two dozen printing papers, for artificial light, ¥0.15;
  • one dozen printing papers, for natural light, ¥0.30.

Actual examples Edit

Actual examples of the no-need-darkroom Baby Camera are known in various forms. The box-shaped model is very similar to the Kamerette and other box-shaped yen cameras.[5] The folding model is very similar to the Highking Camera and Special Camera, except for the Baby Camera and Made in Japan inscriptions on the shutter plate.[6]

The Baby Reflex pictured in Sugiyama might be a more expensive version of this camera, but this is unsure.[7]

Notes Edit

  1. The Roman name "Baby Kamera" appears on the user manual reproduced in Awano, p.12 of Camera Collectors' News no.316.
  2. Awano, p.7 of Camera Collectors' News no.317, quoting the book Nihon Shashinshi Nenpyō (日本写真史年表).
  3. Awano, p.10 of Camera Collectors' News no.316, quoting a letter by Nakada Motoaki (仲田元亮).
  4. User manual reproduced in Awano, pp.12–5 of Camera Collectors' News no.316.
  5. Example pictured in McKeown, p.87.
  6. Examples pictured in McKeown, p.87, and in Pritchard, p.70.
  7. Sugiyama, item 4025.

Bibliography Edit

Links Edit

In Japanese:

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